Malcolm X is a self-educated ( negro ) Muslim who got fame by delivering basically 2 philosophies to the forefront of the 1950s and 1960s civil war
Malcolm developed and tried to promote a strategy of independence and versatility for the Negro race through racial and nationwide separation. Along with this strategy came a apparently deep-set hatred for the white race with him usually referring to them as a race of white devils.
His strategy was met with much controversy. The theory of racial and nationwide separation was in direct comparison with all the theories of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. King’s strategy included non-violent protest along with a vision of the raceless society. Although Malcolm’s religion was an inherently peaceful 1, he believed that if the Negroes were attacked in any technique, it will be fine to utilize force in retaliation. Because of the view, various regarded Malcolm and the rest of the Black Muslims as militant.
According to Malcolm, the idea of integration was a futile 1. He believed that the American socioeconomic program was unable to provide Blacks what they were actually searching for–“mass class mobility”. Additionally, if integration were to result, the number one the Black race could anticipate was an entry into the lowest degrees of the working class.1 For this reason, he believed that the Negro race could embrace their African-ness and build the race up from within itself; a theory not dissimilar from those of Booker T. Washington and Marcus Garvey.
After a split within the so-called Black Muslim groups, headed by Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm embarked on his pilgrimage to Mecca–the Hajj. On his Hajj, Malcolm, or El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, saw a different side of the Islamic religion. What he saw was Islam in its purest shape. He witnessed Muslims of every race and color co-existing as brothers and sisters, without hate-filled agendas or separatist notions. This Hajj pilgrimage had a deep impact on his thinking and philosophies. Upon return to the states, Malcolm took on a position in regards to the civil rights movement and the battle of Blacks that has been more carefully associated to the teachings and preaching of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and additional pro-integration activists.
At the heart of the civil rights movement, Malcolm X’s voice was virtually straight oppositional to the philosophies presented by most prominent leaders. Although Brother Malcolm was preaching different, more ‘mainstream’ inspirations in the brief time before his death, he might forever be remembered for his fiery can to change the fate of the Black race “By Any Means Necessary”.