Bass guitar recording and mixing is very understated. A superior bass guitar track could create or break your track, as its the anchor to your track. So here are some strategies that I (CJ Jacobson) have learned over time. Direct Recording:Bass guitars either have an active choose up or perhaps a passive choose up. If your bass has active choose ups, then you are able to normally connect straight into the input of the sound card/interface. If your bass has passive choose ups (the many common), you ought to have some kind of DI box or an outside amp simulator, like a bass pod. These DI boxes take the low level signal of the bass and raise it to a line level.
If your sound card/interface has mic pre-amps, you are able to employ that as your DI box.If you record direct, without the utilization of a outside amp simulator, you need to edit the sound with a bass amp simulator, compression, EQ, and possibly a bass chorus, to create it sound warm, full and alive.Mic Recording:The ideal and many consistent results come from close mic’ing a bass amp cabinet that is merely off center a tad bit. You are able to and must equally add a 2nd mic and set it about 4 feet back. Great mic’s to employ are the AKG 414 along with a senheiser 421.
Compressor Settings:Compression is required for bass guitars because each string produces different dynamics as well as the dynamic range will receive very big. Compression is utilized to smooth out that dynamic range so the bass track has that sonic anchor many tunes want.To tighten up the low-end, set the ratio to 2:1 to 4:1, with an attack between 5ms to 20ms along with a launch between 120 and 250ms along with a threshold between -5 and -10dB. Set the output to compensate for the gain which was reduced.Distortion:Valve amplifiers are recognized for a few of the ideal bass sounds and these will receive pricey for a house studio budget.
So adding a Tape simulator or some slight distortion from an amp sim is a good idea. There are moreover valve DI boxes and utilizing 1 of those is a ideal tool for beefing up your bass sound without totally distorting it.Combining DI and Mic Recording:This is undoubtedly the number one technique, result you have the possibility to employ blend both data into 1 big 1. The only worry is the fact that the stage can be off amongst the DI as well as the mic’ed bass. So you might should reverse the stage on among the sound sources.
Equalization:The fundamental bass frequencies are between 125 to 400Hz and improving these could enhance more of the bass lines in the blend. The harmonics for the bass are from 1.5 to 3kHz. Boosting these frequencies can grow the quality and pluck. Boosting between 5 to 7kHz may grow the finger sound. Cutting between 40 and 50Hz might minimize the boom.
Playing with a choose could add harmonics about 4kHz and makes the bass sound brighter. Playing with your fingers usually provide a more mellow soundRemember to not boost or cut the same frequencies for the bass guitar and kick drum. Should you boost the bass guitar at 100Hz, 250Hz and 3kHz, never boost the kick drum in those same frequency ranges. If anything, you need to cut those same frequency ranges.