Painting is a great mode to express the feelings of heart by the signifies of color and brush. As far as Indian paintings concern, its origin is traced back to even pre-historic era, when it was portrayed found on the walls of rock-cut caves. According to archeological evidences, following are the samples of historic Indian painting.
1. Indian Mural painting:
• The cave painting of Bhimbekta rock shelters (Madhya Pradesh) are considered the many historic Indian paintings. These paintings show the animal and human figures in diverse postures including looking scenes. The Bhimbetka virtually means the “sitting spot of Bhima”, a terrific warrior of Mahabharata. But, as per analysis, a few of these shelters are 1 lakh years of age.
• The cave paintings of Ajanta (2nd century BCE )and Ellora (5th to 10th century) represent the changed shape of Bhimbekta and reflect the themes of Hindu, Buddha and Jain scriptures.
• Mahadeo mountains painting of Pachmarhi (Madhya Pradesh) was built during 500-800 AD period and shows the animal and human feature in many gestures. Bagh Caves paintings of Dhar (Madhya Pradesh) are made found on the walls and ceilings of viharas.
• Due to patronage extended by Satavahana, the period between 4th to 6th centuries is termed as golden period of Indian panting. South Indian Pallava and Chola reign furthermore encouraged Indian Painting in sync with sculpture.
• Cave paintings of Armamalai (Tamil Nadu), Badami (Karnataka), Elephanta (Maharashtra), Bengra (Chhattisgarh), Kanheri (Maharashtra), Karsamble (Maharashtra) and countless different caves are furthermore prevalent.
• The painted halls are described in Ramayana, Mahabharata and Vinayapithak indicating the origin of mural paintings.
Madhubani painting was furthermore appeared in shape of wall painting, when because per the purchase of Mithila king Janka, the females adorned their homes with wall paintings during the event of Lord Rama and Sita. Mudraskshaka, Vishnudharmottara additionally describe the tenets of Indian painting.
2. Indian Miniature painting:
• Miniature paintings are produced for books or albums on a perishable information like paper and fabric. • The paintings during the period of Pala kings of Bengal (9th to 15th century) have been built on palm leaves and covers of manuscripts. These are considered earliest samples of Indian miniature paintings.
• Buddha leaf-miniature paintings of 10th century have been found. But, this design extincted in 12th century.
• Miniature painting for the Hindu and Jaina manuscripts were built between 10th to 12th centuries in West India. These paintings were built on “Taadpatra” (palm leaf) and Paper.
• The art flourished during Mughal period and was carried forward by Rajasthani universities of painting like Kishangarh, Bundi, Jaipur, Mewar and Marwar. It additionally involves Ragamala paintings.
3. Other designs of Indian Paintings:
• Orissa pattachitra painting on fabric was surfaced for the worship of Lord Jagannatha during the absence of wooden pictures in the temple. This art was influenced by the ‘Gita Govinda’ of Jayadev, Ramayana and Mahabharata.
• Madhubani painting, which originated as mural painting, started found on the fabric and paper with all-natural hues. It still revolves around Hindu mythology plus scenes of social occasions and landscapes.
• Mysore painting and Tanjore painting of South India depict the traditional design of Indian paintings.
• Bengal School of Art portrays the contemporary influence during the 20th century British tip. Abanindranath Tagore and Nandalal Bose are the prevalent painters of the art.
• Modern painting of post-liberalization is influenced by the western, progressive and different tips.