Socrates was the initially of the 3 distinguished Athenian philosophers (the alternative 2 being Aristotle and Plato). Born in the Greek capital in the year 469 BC, he lived during the reign of Pericles at a time when the Athenian empire was at its peak. It is believed that he didn’t come from an elite family, the fact is evidence points to his dad being a stone-carver, a talent where he himself developed and chosen sometimes. His mother worked as midwife assisting to attend to thousands of ladies around Athens.
After the Peloponnesian war had ended, Socrates who was then in his late forties, started to ask deep concerns about the nature of existence as well as the globe that surrounded him. For instance, he might question “what exactly is beauty”, “what exactly is wisdom’, and “what exactly is the correct way to take”. These questions were rhetorical, that is to state, he was aware that they were virtually impossible to answer, and that there can usually be no conclusive answer.
At initially, his approach was somewhat unconventional. He might wander around the streets and squares of Athens asking those individuals who stopped to chat the many deep and meaningful concerns. The responses that he was provided are to not dissimilar to what will be experienced now if we equally took these an approach. Folks might disregard him, or befriend him, and sometimes receive angry and resort to violence when his concerns appeared irrational or confusing.
Over time he developed a group of young guy fans who were truly interested in his words and strategy. One of these males was Plato who himself went on to become among the historic world’s largest minds. Socrates opened an academy which was without charge for all guests.
Unfortunately, his growing stature was looked at disapprovingly with a amount of Athenian officials. In 399 BC he was charged with all the crime of impiety (being disrespectful to the gods), and corrupting young minds. It was recommended that his values went from the democratic inspirations that had taken root in Greece. In truth it can be mentioned that he was undemocratic because he believed that the smartest in society ought to be the rulers, and not those people who were the best.
The Athenians were unable to prosecute Socrates to be anti democratic, rather he was charged for his violations of religion. Sadly he was convicted and sentenced to death. It is believed that his actual death was caused by drinking a cup of water infused with all the poisonous plant hemlock which was provided to him by his prison guards.
Socrates not place his thoughts and values down on paper. Just after his death did Plato write down a few of the concepts that had been taught by this ideal man.