Cultural anthropology is the research of human society and culture, the sub-field that describes, analyses, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and variations. Cultural anthropology examines cultural variety of the present and recent past. Of the sub-fields, has the biggest membership. To research and interpret cultural variety, cultural anthropologists engage in 2 form of activity:
Ethnography delivers an account of the ‘particular’ community, society, or culture (based on fieldwork). During ethnographic fieldwork, the ethnographer gathers information that he/she organizes, describes, analyses, and interprets to build and present that account, which can be in the shape of the book, post, or movie. Traditionally, ethnographers have lived in tiny communities and studied surrounding behavior, values, customs, social existence, financial escapades, politics, and religion.
Since culture generally relates to the method individuals communicate with each additional, it is very impossible to adequately observe it in a laboratory setting. The first-hand, individual research of regional cultural setting is ethnography. Traditionally, the task of becoming cultural anthropologists has needed a field experience in another society. Early ethnographers lived in small-scale societies, with easy technologies and economics. Ethnography therefore appeared as a analysis approach in societies with better cultural uniformity and less social differentiation than are found in big, contemporary, commercial countries. In such non-industrial settings, ethnographers have required to consider fewer paths of enculturation to recognize social lifetime.
Ethnology examines, interprets, analyzes, and compares the results of Ethnography – the information gathered from different societies. Ethnology is basically a synthesis of the work of several ethnographers. It used such information to compare and comparison and to create generalizations about society and culture. Looking beyond the to the more general, ethnologists attempt to identify and explain cultural variations and similarities, to test hypotheses, and to build theory to improve our learning of how social and cultural systems work. Social Anthropology is worried with all the cultures and methods of existence of all world’s societies in both the present and recent previous – from remote tribal communities to commercial societies.
Culture and society is not the same thing. While cultures are complexes of learned behavior patterns and perceptions, societies are groups of interacting organisms. Folks are not truly the only animals that have societies. Schools of fish, flocks of birds, and hives of bees are societies. In the case of people, but, societies are groups of individuals who straight or indirectly communicate with each alternative. Folks in human societies additionally usually perceive that their society is distinct from different societies in terms of shared traditions and expectations. While human societies and cultures are not the same thing, they are inextricably connected because culture is built and sent to others in a society.