Bass guitar recording and mixing is very understated. A advantageous bass guitar track could create or break your song, as its the backbone to your song. So here are some strategies that I (CJ Jacobson) have learned over time.
Bass guitars either have an active choose up or perhaps a passive choose up. If your bass has active choose ups, then you are able to normally plug straight into the input of the sound card/interface. If your bass has passive choose ups (the many common), you need some kind of DI box or an exterior amp simulator, like a bass pod. These DI boxes take the low level signal of the bass and raise it to a line level. If your sound card/interface has mic pre-amps, you are able to utilize that as your DI box.
If you record direct, without the utilization of an exterior amp simulator, you will want to edit the sound with a bass amp simulator, compression, EQ, and perhaps a bass chorus, to create it sound warm, full and alive.
The ideal and many consistent results come from close mic’ing a bass amp cabinet that is merely off center a tad bit.
You are able to and must moreover add a 2nd mic and set it about 4 feet back. Great mic’s to utilize are the AKG 414 along with a senheiser 421.
Compression is required for bass guitars because each string produces different dynamics and the dynamic range could receive very big. Compression is selected to smooth out that dynamic range so the bass track has that sonic backbone many songs desire.
To tighten up the low-end, set the ratio to 2:1 to 4:1, with an attack between 5ms to 20ms along with a launch between 120 and 250ms along with a threshold between -5 and -10dB. Set the output to create up for the gain which was reduced.
Valve amplifiers are recognized for a few of the ideal bass sounds and these may receive pricey for a house studio budget. So adding a Tape simulator or some slight distortion from an amp sim is a superb idea. There are equally valve DI boxes and utilizing 1 of those is a fantastic tool for beefing up your bass sound without totally distorting it.
Combining DI and Mic Recording:
This really is by far the number one method, result you have the way to employ blend both data into 1 big 1. The just worry is the fact that the stage could be off between your DI and the mic’ed bass. So you will have to reverse the stage on among the sound sources.
The fundamental bass frequencies are between 125 to 400Hz and boosting these could bring out more of the bass lines in the blend.
The harmonics for the bass are from 1.5 to 3kHz. Boosting these frequencies usually strengthen the clearness and pluck.
Boosting between 5 to 7kHz usually grow the finger sound.
Cutting between 40 and 50Hz may minimize the boom.
Playing with a choose will add harmonics about 4kHz and can create the bass sound brighter. Playing with your fingers usually provide a more mellow sound
Remember to not boost or cut the same frequencies for the bass guitar and kick drum. If you boost the bass guitar at 100Hz, 250Hz and 3kHz, never boost the kick drum in those same frequency ranges. If anything, you need to cut those same frequency ranges.